दुनिया का Top 5 Air Defence Missile Systems
The first missile system was handed over to the Russian Army during 2011 and the first brigade became fully operational in December 2014. Specifications and other key aspects of the S-300V4 modernized air defense system remain classified but features expanded anti-aircraft, anti-cruise and anti-ballistic missile capabilities. The new system was designed between 2012 and 2014.
The Patriot Missile System successfully intercepted Scud missiles fired by Iraqi forces during the Gulf War, the first time in history that a ballistic missile has been successfully intercepted in combat. The MIM-104 Patriot missile protects large administrative, industrial centres, naval and air bases from electronic interference. The system can simultaneously detect and identify more than 100 air targets, track eight of them in a row, and prepare initial missile data to strike them up to three.
In 1983, the French Aerospace Corporation and Thomson Radio jointly carried out the pre-development work of the new surface-to-air missile, in early 1986, the French Ministry of Defence formally developed the development plan, and in 1987 was approved by the Government. In 1989, Thecelona of Italy formed Eurosam Group, a group of two companies, to jointly develop the Ground Air Borne System (SAMP/T).
The David Sling system, also known as the Wand, is an IDF mission system developed by Israeli defence contractor Raphael Advanced Defense Systems and U.S. defence contractor Raytheon to intercept enemy aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical ballistic missiles, medium- and long-range missiles and cruise missiles with a range of 40 to 300 kilometres. The wand system was introduced to replace the MIM-23 Hawk and MIM-104 Patriot missile anti-missile systems in Israel’s arsenal.
The S-400 is a third-generation surface-to-air missile system of the Russian Land Defense Force, which is used to combat dense multi-target airstrikes across the airspace from ultra-low to high altitude, close to ultra-long-range. The missile is developed as one of the S-300 family, using four specialized missiles corresponding to air defence needs, including ultra-long-range 40N6 (400 km), long-range 48N6E3 (250 km), medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km), short-range 9M96E (40 km), forming a multi-level air defence barrier. It would be more appropriate to call it a “missile combination system”.
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