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18th AUGUST 2020 Top 10 MCQs for Prelims 2020/21

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EXPLANATION:




1. B
SFDRR is an international Treaty that was approved by UN member states in March 2015 at Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan. It is voluntary and non-binding treaty which recognizes that UN member State has primary role to reduce disaster risk. It has framework for 15-year (2015 to 2030). Hence statement 1 is incorrect

2. C
First Inter-State translocation of Tiger is happened between Madhya Pradesh and Odisha

3. B
Many diversity indices have been developed that combine different measures of biodiversity. One is called Simpson’s index, which takes into account both species richness and an evenness of abundance among the species present. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.

4. D
The system, first of its kind in the country, was developed indigenously in record time by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune and operationalized by India Meteorological Department (IMD). It was introduced by the Ministry of Earth Science. Hence, statement 1 is incorrect. In addition to regular air quality parameters like PM2.5, PM10, Sulfur Dioxide, Ozone, Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, the system will also monitor the existence of Benzene, Toluene and Xylene. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.

5. A
The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson of NDMA. Hence, statement 3 is incorrect.

6. C
Of the total water use by the industry, thermal power plants are the biggest users of water and account for 88% of the total industrial water use. They are followed by engineering (5.05%) pulp & paper (2.26%) and textiles (2.07%) industries.

7. B
Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) is the flagship publication of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It is a periodic report that summarizes the latest data on the status and trends of biodiversity and draws conclusions relevant to the further implementation of the Convention.

8. C
Both are correct

9. C
As an environmental treaty under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range. Hence, statement 1 is incorrect.

10. A
Sloth Bear is a vulnerable species not critically endangered species.

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